Authors: Martin Saban, Santiago Esteban, Adolfo Rubinstein, Cintia Cejas, Katherine Perez-Acuna

7 August 2023

This technical document, produced by the Center for Implementation and Innovation in Health Policies (CIIPS) of the Institute for Clinical and Health Effectiveness (IECS), focuses on the impact of Artificial Intelligence (AI) on healthcare in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). It provides an exploratory analysis of the current state of AI implementation in the region, identifying challenges and opportunities. The document highlights the heterogeneity and fragmentation of AI projects in LAC, mainly concentrated at the meso and micro-management levels. The absence of AI governance, regulations, and electronic health records are among the major barriers faced. However, there is growing interest and investment in AI by healthcare providers and technology companies, suggesting potential for future development. The importance of AI education for healthcare professionals, research to drive innovation, and the collaborative role of tools like ChatGPT in supporting the healthcare system are discussed. Overall, the document concludes that AI in healthcare in LAC is in an early stage of maturity, with ample opportunities for improvement through collaboration and the adoption of policies and regulations to facilitate integration and sustainable development in the region.

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